Spring Festival couplets originated from peach firewood charms (Peach firewood charms were worn in the both sides of door in Zhou reign,they are rectangle.People alleged that peach firewood charm can draw off bad ghosts.)
In five dynasties,a man who called Zhang Xun in palace,West Shu (Shu is Sichuan Province) wrote language on the peach firewood charm.Then it is the first section of Spring Festival couplets in saucers.To Song reign,the Spring Festival couplets were still the peach firewood charms.
Pasting couplets in Spring Festival began in Song reign,and Ming reign was its prosperous time.Zhuyuanzhang,an monarch in Ming reign liked to wirte couplets fairly greatly and he regularly encouraged his people to wirte.
In Qing reign,Spring Festival couplets were better in belief and art.There were tons of sorts according to different usages.They can be separated into door principal couplets, enclose couplets, horizontal couplets,pieces couplets and so on.
Door principal couplets:They are pasted on the principal door.
Frame couplets:They are worn on the both sides of door.
Horizontal couplets:They are pasted on the door title.
Pieces couplets:They are pasted in different chairs according to their stuffing.
The Blessing word:People like to paste the Blessing word when they paste couplets.And the Blessing word they paste are reversed.Here,I have an interesting falsehood regarding it.
It is said that Zhu Yuanzhang,one of the emperors in Ming reign,hunted to make the Blessing word as a billboard to murder superstar.king Ma,who was very kind-hearted asked everyone pasted a Blessing word on the family door.One of family didn?t know the word,he reversed the word.When the monarch asked others to examine the billboard,they found the condition.He was fairly livid regarding it,he would murder that family.king Ma was upset,she musing a good idea.She said to Zhu Yuanzhang that the family knew he would come,thus they reversed the word deliberately,it meaned that blessing came.Zhu Yuanzhang was cheery using this newscast and he gave up murder that family.From then on,in order to pursue auspiciousness and to memorize king Ma,people like to overturn the blessing word to paste.
Spring Festival couplets sight assenting benefit and pursuit,at the same time,it must to conform different outline and class.Such as farmers have their couplets,the stuffing regarding governess are different from them.The habits for defeat Spring Festival couplets:
when we face the door,the first section of couplets is on our right fringe,the instant is on our left fringe.regularly they have the relations in basis and stimulate.And the means to differentiate the frist and the instant section is that if the appraisal of their last word is the third or fourth,that is to say it is the first,otherwise it is the instant.
Caoimhin Collins works for Art Terms. You can view extra details here http://www.artterms.net.